From ancient times, beautiful artistic patterns on kimono have reflected the Japanese people’s delicate senses towards the changing seasons and how social conventions in the country have changed through its history.
This weekly series will take a look at various types of kimono patterns, from those that can be worn year-round to those for special occasions. We will explore the meanings behind the designs as well as insights into styling a kimono attire.
Continuing from Parts 26 ~ 28, here are some more patterns that reflect the changing seasons.
In ancient Japan, the word “tachibana” referred to “mikan”, or satsuma. In Kojiki (Record of Ancient Matters), it is described as a plant that grows wild in “the land of Tokoyo”, the paradise of immortality, and it was believed that the tachibana oranges would bring about long life and healthy offspring. This is the reason why the citrus fruit is placed on top of a traditional New Year’s rice cake.
This is also the reason why tachibana has been designed and used on items such as festive wedding attires.
The use of tachibana as a pattern began in the Heian period (794-1185). The tachibana, believed to grow in the land of immortality, is said to have buds, flowers, and fruits at the same time, and thus both flowers and fruits are depicted together in the design.
Most auspicious patterns were introduced from China, but the tachibana pattern is said to be one of the few designs that originated in Japan. Generally, the fruit-bearing tachibana tree itself is used in the pattern, and during the Edo period (1603-1868), kosode kimono with tachibana combined with auspicious patterns such as tsurubishi <see article here>, became popular. Today, it is widely used in kimono and obi.
<Recommended season for wearing this kimono pattern>
Year-round, winter, New Year’s
Kaku to kisetsu ga hitome de wakaru―Kimono no mon-yo
(Kimono Patterns―A guide to their rank and seasons )
All-color Revised Edition on sale March 18, 2021
Supervised by Kenzo Fujii
(Sekai Bunka Publishing, in Japanese)
Featuring over 300 kimono patterns including the ones introduced in this story, the book helps readers learn about the history and meanings of kimono patterns through a rich variety of photos. Kimono and obi can be categorized into kaku (rank) depending on its material and patterns, and different occasions call for combinations of kimono and obi of the appropriate ranks. A practical and entertaining guide for all kimono lovers, the book gives useful tips on common confusions related to the ranks and seasonal categorizations of patterns, as well as numerous kimono styling examples.
Available at bookstores in Japan, or on Amazon and other online stores. Can also be ordered at bookstore counters in Japan with no shipping charges (the service may be unavailable at some stores).